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[演講公告]Mining Public Datasets for Modeling Intra-City PM2.5 Concentrations at a Fine Spatial Resolution

Wednesday, December 27, 2017, 10:30 - 12:00
Location Room 202, the Geography Department Building 2F, NTU
講者: Dr. Yao-Yi Chiang
演講大綱:

Air quality models are important for studying the impact of air pollutant on health conditions at a fine spatiotemporal scale. Existing work typically relies on area-specific, expert-selected attributes of pollution emissions (e,g., transportation) and dispersion (e.g., meteorology) for building the model for each combination of study areas, pollutant types, and spatiotemporal scales. This talk presents a data-driven and data mining approach that utilizes publicly available data (e.g., OpenStreetMap) to automatically generate an air quality model for the concentrations of fine particulate matters less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter at various temporal scales. Our experiment shows that our (domain-) expert-free model could generate accurate PM2.5 concentration predictions, which can be used to improve air quality models that traditionally rely on expert-selected input. Our approach also quantifies the impact on air quality from a variety of geographic features (i.e., how various types of geographic features such as parking lots and commercial buildings affect air quality and from what distance) representing mobile, stationary and area natural and anthropogenic air pollution sources. This approach is particularly important for enabling the construction of context-specific spatiotemporal models of air pollution, allowing investigations of the impact of air pollution exposures on sensitive populations such as children with asthma at scale.

講者簡介:

Associate Professor (Research), Spatial Sciences Institute, University of Southern California

學術召集: Prof. Tzai-Hung Wen
Contact TA Hui-yi Lin (02-3366-5845)
附件:
1061227-speech.pdf

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